Beauty-beautiful-beautify,harvest,celebration-celebrate,starve-starvation,origin-original,religion- religious,ancestor Mexico-Mexican,feast,bone,belief-believe,trick poet-poem,arrival-arrive,gain,independence-independent–depend-dependent–dependence,gather,agriculture-agricultural award-reward,rooster,admire-admiration
1)mean to do打算,意欲
meaning (n)意思meaningful (a)有意义的
hold a celebration/celebrations
take sb’s place/take the place of sb=replace sb
starve to death饿死
6.Some festivals are held to honour the dead,or satisfy the ancestors,who could return either to help or to do harm.
2)in honor of为了纪念
A festival is set to honor/in honor of the hero.
Do harm to sb= harm sb
Do more harm than good
7.in memory of纪念,悼念…
8.arrive (v)，arrival (n)
The arrival of the plane has been delayed.
____ my arrival at school,Mr Li was there.
I gained a lot from my teacher.
No pains,no gains.
1)A lot of people gathered to see whathad happened.
2)The student gathered a lot of information about the hero.
He received an award of 1,000 dollars.
He was awarded a medal for his excellent work.
admire sb for sth
They admired our garden.
I admired him for his success inbusiness.
13.look forward to(介词) n/v-ing
I’m looking forward to his coming.
15.have fun with sb
3.keep one’s words
4.hold one’s breath
5.obvious—it was obvious that…
语法：Modal Verbs —ought/oughtn’t to;Should/shouldn’t; mustn’t; needn’t; (don’t)have to; will; can/can’t
1.Wang Peng sat in his empty restaurant feeling very frustrated.
feeling very frustrated现在分词在句中作伴随状语
eg.She sat on the chair reading a newspaper.(表伴随)
Walking in the street,she met her old friend.(表时间)
Seeing no body at home ,she decided to eat outside.(表原因)
The child fell,striking his head against the ground.(表结果)
2.His restaurant ought to be full of people.
Ought to 1)to show a moral duty表示一种道义上的责任，应该
Eg.She ought to look after her child better.
You ought to study hard to get a high mark.
2)ought to have done表示本应该…，而却没有…
Eg.You ought to have come yesterday.
3.He thought of his mutton kebabs,fatty pork cooked in the hottest,finest oil.过去分词短语作后置定语，表被动。
=which were cooked in the hottest oil.
Eg.The flowers picked by him are very beautiful.
4.Nothing could have been better.比较级与否定词连用表示最高级。
=All his food could have been the best.
Eg.I have never seen a better film.
There is nothing I like so much as playing football.
5.Tired of all that fat?
Tired of厌烦的He is tired of doing the same thing all year round.
Tired out筋疲力尽 I was tired out when I finally reach the top of the mountain.
Tired from因…而疲倦I was very tied from running fast.
6.get away with sth./doing sth.
a)不因某事而受惩罚I won’t have you getting away with cheating in the exam.
b)偷携某物潜逃The robbers robbed the bank and got away with a lot of money.
c)收到较轻的惩罚He was so lucky to get away with a fine for such a serious mistake.
1)The program was full of lies.
2)He lied to his wife so that he could come home late.
1.Perhas he would be able to earn his living after all and not have to close his restaurant.
earn one’s living by… =live by…=make a living by…靠…谋生
eg.He earned his living by begging from door to door.
2.He didn’t look forward to being in debt because his restaurant was no longer popular.
Be in debt欠债。
Be out of debt 还清债务。
Be in sb.’s debt欠某人人情。
Eg.Saving my life,I am forever in your debt.
3.She didn’t look happy but glared at him.
Eg.“How could you do that?”he said,glaring at his mother.
Eg.He glanced at his watch and left in a hurry.
Eg.She stared at him in surprise.
4.Yong Hui agreed to stay and soon they were both enjoying the dumplings,fatty pork and cola.
Agree to (do)sth.表示“同意某事或某建议”，后只能跟表“提议，计划，方案，打算，安排”
Eg.He agreed to their proposal.
He agreed to get someone to help us.
Agree with sb.同意某人
Eg.I agree with every word you said.
Agree on sth.表示在某事上取得一致的意见
Eg.They agreed on a date for the next meeting.
5.But don’t you think it would be better if you were a bit thinner?
虚拟语气，表示与现在事实相反的假设时，条件状语从句的谓语动词用过去式(be用were)，而主句的谓语动词用would(should,could ,might) 动词原形。例如：
If I were you,I should study English better.
If he had time,he would attend the meeting.
1)暗中监视;侦查。It is impolite to spy into other people’s windows.
2)看见，发现。He suddenly spied an old friend in the supermarket.
7.before long和long before
1)before long是介词短语，在句子中作状语，意思为：“不久后，很快”。多与将来时或者过去时连用。如：I shall visit you again before long.
He had taken a doctor’s degree long before.
Before不仅可以用作副词，还可以用作介词或者连词，这时long before…的意思为: “早在…之前”。如：He had come to America long before the war.
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